India celebrates Engineer’s Day every year on September 15 to mark the birthday of Sir Visvesvaraya, Bharat Ratna recipient and engineering pioneer of India. Fondly known as Sir MV or the builder of India, Visvesvaraya was born 158 years ago on this day, in Chikkaballapura district of Karnataka.
Visvesvaraya was a scholar, a builder, a statesman, an educationist and the most celebrated engineer in India, with his engineering prowess being portraited in distributing of water resources and construction of dams across India in such an efficient manner that his designs have prevented massive flooding.
He had designed and patented a system of automatic weir water floodgates that were first installed in 1903 at Khadakvasla Reservoir near Pune. These gates were employed to raise flood supply level of storage in the reservoir to the highest level likely to be attained without causing any damage to the dam.